How to Install Ansible

Pre-requisites to Install Ansible

  • Distro: CentOS/ Ubuntu Linux /Debian/ RHEL/
  • Jinja2: Friendly designing language used specifically for python
  • PyYAML: Python programming language emitter and parsing component
  • parmiko: SSHv2 protocol library which is python native
  • httplib2: A inclusive library of client python

Steps to Install Ansible

Given below are the steps required to install the Ansible:

Install Ansible Using YUM

Step 1: Form a universal id on collective machines, for Example, ansible with SUDO privileges. All ids involved in automation tasks can use this ID.

Code:

# user and Ansible
# passwd ansible

Step 2: Correct the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file associated with the run machine also all PasswordAuthentication and PermitRootLogin lines are uncommented.

Ansible Installation Step 2-1
Ansible Installation Step 2-2

Both the machines execute the above-listed set of steps. This happens when the end system is to be restarted

# systemctl restart ssh

Step 3: For total mechanization of errands, a nonpassword expected SSH authentication will not be used in the case when an entire password has to be typed each and every time. After the changes applied over executing the command ssh <target machine> and ssh <control machine>, Keying a password every time is not the right technique to accomplish the Ansible tasks.

Step 4: For achieving passwordless authentication the below list of steps has to be performed. initially add the Ansible user to the /etc/sudoers file on both the machines which finely allows Ansible users to execute all commands which need root privileges. Terminal exit once the needed elements are added.

Ansible Installation Step 4

Step 5: Switch out to user Ansible.

Control Machine su – ansible AND Target Machine su – ansibleAnsible Installation Step 5-1

Ansible Installation Step 5-2

Target Machine:

Target Machine example 1
Target machine 2

Target Machine ssh-copy-id <Control-machineIIP-Address>:

Target machine example 3
Target machine example 4

Target Machine: ssh [email protected]<IP-Address-Control-Machine>:

Target Machine example 5
Target machine example 6

Step 6: Wget has to be installed in both the machines involved.

$ sudo yum install get -y

Step 7: Enabling EPEL repo allows us to install ansible on the control machine. Add-on software packages can be installed using Fedora.

Code:

$ get http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
$ sudo rpm -ivh epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
$ sudo yum install ansible -y
$ ansible --version

Step 8: Edit the ansible.cfg file and enable the inventory file parameter on the Control machine.

Code:

$ sudo vi /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg

Step 9: Target machines are tracked and managed using inventory in Ansible. Usually, this file is present in /etc/ansible/hosts and allows to be edited. Every needed machine is associated with these groups. A group name and square bracket are applied within each and every group. Multiple groups are tagged in a server.

Ansible Installation Step 9

Step 10: To execute the webservers groups allow execution of the below-listed ansible commands. Ping allows a particular function to be tested and also whether the host systems can be established as the connection parameters mentioned in the inventory file.

Code:

$ ansible webservers –m ping

Ansible Installation Step 10

Ansible Installation Commands using MacOS.

Code:

sudo easy_install pip
sudo pip install ansible

Commands to Install Ansible using CentOS/Fedora.

Code:

sudo yum install ansible

Commands to Install Ansible using Ubuntu.

Code:

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common
sudo apt-add-repository PPA0:ansible/ansible
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ansible

Ansible Basic Commands

Given below are the ansible basic commands:

  • Host connectivity verification: # ansible <group> -m -ping
  • Rebooting host systems: #ansible <group> -a “/sbin/reboot”
  • Creating a new user: # ansible <group> -m user -a “name=ansible password=<encrypted password>”
  • User deletion: # ansible <group> -m user -a “name=ansible state=absent”
  • Permissions changing: # ansible <group> -m file -a “dest=/home/ansible/file1.txt mode=777”
  • Verify package installation with update: # ansible <group> -m yum -a “name=httpd state=latest”
  • Verify package installation without an update : # ansible <group> -m yum -a “name= httpd state=present”
  • Verify package version: # ansible <group> -m yum -a “name= httpd-1.8 state=present”
  • Verify package installation : # ansible <group> -m yum -a “name= httpd state=absent”
  • Display host information: # ansible <group> -m setup | less

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