What is LDAP?

The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is a vendor-neutral software protocol used to lookup information or devices within a network. Whether you want to build a central authentication server for your organization or want to simplify access to internal servers and printers, LDAP is the answer. What is LDAP? LDAP is a standard protocol designed … Read more


VPN, or Virtual Private Network, is a technology that allows you to create a secure and encrypted connection over a less secure network, such as the internet. There are several types of VPNs, each with its own characteristics and use cases. Here are some common types: Remote Access VPN: This type of VPN is used … Read more

TTL Mechanism

TTL mechanism prevents packets from circulating endlessly and ensures that they either reach their destination or are dropped after a predetermined number of hops. It helps maintain network efficiency and prevents potential loops in the routing process. Initial TTL Setting:The packet leaves the source client with an initial TTL value.As it encounters the first router, … Read more

Router on a stick (ROAS)

Almost all networks in the world use Virtual Local Area Networks nowadays. In our lesson about VLANs we have learned a general rule of thumb that is: This means that if we have nodes connected in different VLANs, they most probably are part of different subnets. If we take the topology shown in Figure 1 for example, … Read more

Kubernetes design interview question

Is it possible for etcd to have a split-brain scenario? What is ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜-๐—ฏ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜€๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ? Split brain scenarios occur when a group of nodes in a distributed system loses communication with each other primarily due to network partitioning, resulting in inconsistent or conflicting system states. etcd is designed to avoid split-brain scenarios, as it relies on … Read more

Resize your EC2 instance’s Root EBS volume on AWS

Resize your EC2 instance’s Root EBS volume on AWS with these simplified steps. Unlike expanding, shrinking isn’t as straightforward. Follow this guide for a quicker understanding: (๐—ง๐—ต๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐˜๐˜‚๐˜๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ณ๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—˜๐—ซ๐—ง๐Ÿฐ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฒ-๐˜€๐˜†๐˜€๐˜๐—ฒ๐—บ๐˜€) Let’s say we have a 500 GB root disk that we want to shrink to 100 GB. Let’s also assume that this 500 … Read more


// Universal License Keys // Version License Keys VMware Workstation Pro VMware Workstation Pro 4.x.x ZHDH1-UR90N-W844G-4PTN6G1NP0-T88AL-M016F-4P8N2ZC14J-4U16A-0A04G-4MEZPJ1WF8-58LDE-881DG-4M8Q3 VMware Workstation Pro 5.x.x LUXRM-WP0DN-A256U-4M9Q3DJXDR-NDT27-Y2NDU-4YTZKDA925-HP80U-Z8HDC-4WXXP3KW2W-AYR2C-88M6F-4MDQ2 VMware Workstation Pro 6.x.x A0E8R-YUDFV-6AK2F-4GAN2CRX0D-VWL0V-7CJ6C-46C7ANA8RX-QPNDU-D2LA9-4WAZL1H4WM-N21FZ-7GK2A-44U5U6AJ6N-THY2P-42KEF-4WTFGFK8R9-LPCDT-88H4Y-4WRN3KAR8R-T8MAL-K8J6A-4WDXQYJEKW-JMFF4-YA1DC-4WTQPWC5FW-V0CFX-4804A-4WTNLLR5HT-16602-T814A-4MEN2THWW8-HRZAH-A24FA-4YTN3 VMware Workstation Pro 7.x.x FU3D8-28X0N-H8DJQ-4GZZX-MY2T8ZY7M2-8ZX81-0813Y-AWPG9-PP0G6CC3W8-DTX9M-4853Y-HPQGX-NU8X6YU15U-6TWDQ-H88RZ-GGNXC-QFATAAF1T0-FMZEL-H88FQ-N5NXG-PZUX0GC3MU-28W06-M80WQ-R4ZXV-YFK98UA5J0-0HW13-48EMY-VXQNZ-NFUD2VF7WU-2GF14-488CP-R4Z7Z-NL2YF VMware Workstation Pro 8.x.x 0A494-8U0EM-UZ2A9-0105M-A303MMA406-25387-7ZNW8-F197P-1AL2D4A4GP-6PLD0-QZTP9-WK0NK-C3UQD4A2XP-D03DN-7Z6H9-Z2ANM-0C9PFD0F0G8-FK29Q-AZ529-2J1NP-AC02F VMware Workstation Pro 9.x.x 5U63Y-6QL1K-GZ7K0-ZV17M-3CMQ0JY4TJ-68L9H-8ZQE1-GA1Q2-03K22MF471-0R007-RZHD9-TLCNK-3204GJF09R-AU34Q-7Z6R8-JKAN0-9C7QJHY4KG-6KK47-CZCC1-Y8CQ4-13DK10U28Q-DP31H-QZL68-8J0QH-AAUK40F0PV-AWJ0L-GZLM0-H1874-CA8390A6H6-4DL4N-KZQX9-Y09QH-9AF3G0F23V-4D38L-9ZQ38-2K37H-83C500F03K-80JEQ-8ZF89-8287H-A2R470A22R-400EM-EZ4W8-3K9NK-3AUPLNA64Z-0V054-UZVC0-2L370-837K4 VMware Workstation Pro 10.x.x 5F211-0MJ82-LZE99-9LCN0-A3A3M4F4HJ-FDL83-KZVL9-LC17P-22JJGHV0RV-00K4K-GZ8N1-XUAN2-23Z4AMY2A4-DMJ8N-HZUA8-2V2Q6-02EKDNY65G-6238N-PZQ59-1L172-9AT4L5Y2RY-FK21L-YZZY8-VV1Q4-1A24RJY65Q-43L9J-TZGP8-80AQH-3AG3H0Z6PT-F0K50-QZXW8-698Q0-3AR69NF05Z-08346-TZDE0-213NK-C3Q591F0ML-FRH97-0ZZA8-1JA74-8AF6X5F29M-48312-8ZDF9-A8A5K-2AM0Z VMware Workstation Pro 11.x.x VV7XU-F6DDQ-485DZ-X4M7T-PF8ZDZG75H-FZF83-M8DLZ-4ZW5E-NP0W0AV518-09FD0-48D1P-EMQEX-Z72C6GG7W0-DAY5Q-0858Q-6GWZ9-W7RT8CV512-FAW91-085NP-DMXQX-QLHAFAA7DU-APW15-H848Q-P5ZGZ-PCRC2VU1N2-6DE5N-M8DLQ-AEMEV-XA2Z4UV3NR-AMZ17-08EZP-9YQQE-MZAY8GC75U-21E50-M8D5Q-K6YQX-W28V81F04Z-6D111-7Z029-AV0Q4-3AEH8CZ7E2-2FY5P-08DUP-6XNXG-WPKE8 VMware Workstation Pro 12.x.x … Read more

VXLAN (Virtual Extensible LAN) and EVPN (Ethernet Virtual Private

VXLAN (Virtual Extensible LAN) and EVPN (Ethernet Virtual Private Network) are technologies used in networking to address challenges associated with large-scale, multi-tenancy data center environments. FortiGate, a product of Fortinet, is a next-generation firewall and security appliance that also offers networking capabilities. Let’s break down VXLAN and EVPN individually and then discuss how FortiGate incorporates … Read more

Troubleshooting the vPC Split-Brain Scenario

When faced with a vPC split-brain scenario, swift and methodical troubleshooting is crucial to minimize downtime and restore network integrity.Here are the steps I followed to isolate and resolve the issue: 1.Confirm Split-Brain: Verify if a vPC split-brain condition indeed exists. Check both vPC peer switches for discrepancies in their operational status.2.Analyze Logs: Dive into … Read more

VXLAN (Virtual Extensible LAN)

VXLAN (Virtual Extensible LAN) is a network virtualization technology that extends Layer 2 segments over a Layer 3 network infrastructure. It is commonly used in data center environments to facilitate network segmentation and overlay networks. VXLAN Multi-Site is an extension of VXLAN that allows for the extension of virtualized network segments across multiple data center … Read more

Welcome to Asia300 — list of the region’s top companies

The Asia300 is Nikkei’s exclusive list of the biggest and fastest-growing companies from 11 economies across the continent. Our picks are based on market capitalization, with consideration also given to growth potential and geographic balance to bring into sharper relief ASEAN economies in particular. We draw on Nikkei’s unrivaled network of bureaus across Asia and … Read more

PDF Creator 5.2.0

PDFCreator is a super-powerful PDF software solution that allows you to create and edit PDF documents and other files, as well as implement C# scripts for managing advanced printing implementations, and so much more. Creating user profiles for custom PDF tasks and rapid document management This application is versatile and extremely well-designed. As such, PDFCreator provides … Read more

Adobe Acrobat Pro

At this point in time and space, you can’t really deal with PDF files and not have heard of Adobe Acrobat. The idea that this application has evolved into one of the most complete PDF-related experiences would be an understatement. Still,ย Adobe Acrobat Proย comes to prove that there’s always room for better. Deal with PDF files … Read more

Adobe Acrobat Reader 2023.008.20458

A computer can be equipped with a whole bunch of different text editors, each with its own set of features for more variety and styles, file support and security. One of the most popular and safest file types is the Portable Document Format (PDF) and you need specialized applications to be able to access PDF … Read more